Australian Society For Fish Biology

Threatened Fishes Committee Reports

Conservation Status of Australian Fishes

Conservation Status of Australian Fishes - 2001

 Denotes taxa where formal taxonomic description has not been published but where listing is essential because of concern over their conservation status. Early formal publication is encouraged to resolve taxonomic status.

Extinct

No species

Critically Endangered

Brachionichthys hirsutus

Spotted handfish

Chlamydogobius micropterus

Elizabeth Springs goby

Chlamydogobius squamigenus

Edgbaston goby

Galaxias fontanus

Swan galaxias

Galaxias fuscus

Barred galaxias

Galaxias johnstoni

Clarence galaxias

Galaxias pedderensis

Pedder galaxias

Glyphis sp. A*

Bizant River shark

Maccullochella macquariensis

Trout cod

Maccullochella peelii mariensis

Mary River cod

Pristis microdon

Freshwater sawfish

Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnis

Redfinned blue-eye

Endangered

Carcharias taurus

Grey nurse shark

Centrophorus harrissoni

Harrisson's deepsea dogfish

Craterocephalus fluviatilis

Murray hardyhead

Galaxias auratus

Golden galaxias

Glyphis sp. C*

Northern river shark

Maccullochella ikei

Eastern cod

Macquaria australasica

Macquarie perch

Nannoperca oxleyana

Oxleyan pigmy perch

Pristis clavata

Dwarf sawfish

Pristis zijsron

Green sawfish

Pseudomugil mellis

Honey blue-eye

Raja sp. L*

Maugean skate

Vulnerable

Anoxypristis cuspidata

Narrow sawfish

Bidyanus bidyanus

Silver perch

Brachaelurus colcloughi

Colclough’s shark

Brachionichthys politus

Red handfish

Cairnsichthys rhombosomoides

Cairns rainbowfish

Carcharodon carcharias

Great white shark

Centrophorus uyato

Southern dogfish

Chlamydogobius japalpa

Finke River goby

Chlamydogobius gloveri

Dalhousie goby

Craterocephalus amniculus

Darling River hardyhead

Craterocephalus dalhousiensis

Dalhousie hardyhead

Craterocephalus gloveri

Glover's hardyhead

Edelia obscura

Yarra pigmy perch

Epinephelus daemelii

Black rockcod

Galaxias rostratus

Flat-headed galaxias

Galaxias tanycephalus

Saddled galaxias

Galaxiella pusilla

Dwarf galaxias

Guyu wujalwujalensis

Bloomfield River cod

Himantura chaophraya

Freshwater whipray

Melanotaenia eachamensis

Lake Eacham rainbowfish

Mogurnda clivicola

Flinders Ranges gudgeon

Mordacia praecox

Non-parasitic lamprey

Nannoperca variegata

Variegated pigmy perch

Neosilurus gloveri

Dalhousie catfish

Paragalaxias dissimilis

Shannon paragalaxias

Paragalaxias eleotroides

Great Lake paragalaxias

Paragalaxias mesotes

Arthurs paragalaxias

Prototroctes maraena

Australian grayling

Sympterichthys n.sp.*

Ziebell's handfish

Sympterichthys n.sp.*

Waterfall Bay handfish

   

Lower Risk - Conservation Dependent

Achoerodus gouldii

Western blue groper

Achoerodus viridis

Eastern blue groper

Cheilinus undulatus

Humphead maori wrasse

Coris bulbifrons

Double-header

Cromileptes altivelis

Barramundi cod

Epinephelus lanceolatus

Queensland grouper

Epinephelus tukula

Potato cod

Furgaleus macki

Whiskery shark

Galeorhinus galeus

School shark

Hippocampus bleekeri

Southern potbelly seahorse

Hoplostethus atlanticus

Orange roughy

Paraplesiops bleekeri

Eastern blue devil

Phycodurus eques

Leafy seadragon

Phyllopteryx taeniolatus

Weedy seadragon

Pristiophorus cirratus

Common sawshark

Rexea solandri

Gemfish

   

Lower Risk – Near Threatened

Carcharhinus obscurus

Dusky shark

Carcharhinus plumbeus

Sandbar shark

Chaetodontoplus ballinae

Ballina angelfish

Craterocephalus centralis

Finke River hardyhead

Craterocephalus helenae

Drysdale hardyhead

Craterocephalus lentiginosus

Prince Regent hardyhead

Dasyatis fluviorum

Estuary stingray

Galaxiella munda

Western mud minnow

Galaxiella nigrostriata

Black-striped minnow

Girella cyanea

Bluefish

Glossogobius n.sp.*

Mulgrave goby

Halophryne queenslandiae

Sculptured frogfish

Hephaestus epirrhinos

Long-nose sooty grunter

Hippocampus dahli

Low-crown seahorse

Hippocampus sp G*

Bighead seahorse

Hippocampus sp 5*

False-eyed seahorse

Hypseleotris ejuncida

Slender gudgeon

Hypseleotris kimberleyensis

Barnett River gudgeon

Hypseleotris regalis

Prince Regent gudgeon

Kimberleyeleotris hutchinsi

Mitchell gudgeon

Kimberleyeleotris notata

Drysdale gudgeon

Leiopotherapon aheneus

Fortesque grunter

Leiopotherapon macrolepis

Large-scale grunter

Lepidogalaxias salamandroides

Salamanderfish

Melanotaenia gracilis

Slender rainbowfish

Melanotaenia pygmaea

Pygmy rainbowfish

Mogurnda oligolepis

False-spotted gudgeon

Odontaspis ferox

Herbsts nurse shark

Pictilabrus brauni

Braun’s wrasse

Pingalla midgleyi

Midgley's grunter

Scleropages leichardti

Saratoga

Scortum neili

Angalarri grunter

Syncomistes kimberleyensis

Kimberley grunter

Syncomistes rastellus

Drysdale grunter

Thunnus maccoyii

Southern bluefin tuna

Urogymnus asperrimus

Porcupine ray

Vanacampus vercoi

Verco’s pipefish

Lower Risk - Least Concern

Ambassis elongatus

Yellowfin perchlet

Anampses elegans

Elegant wrasse

Brachionichthys sp.*

Australian handfish

Choerodon rubescens

Baldchin groper

Dunckerocampus dactyliophorus

Banded pipefish

Epinephelus coioides

Estuary rockcod

Epinephelus cyanopodus

Purple rockcod

Epinephelus fuscoguttatus

Flowery cod

Epinephelus malabaricus

Malabar grouper

Epinephelus polyphekadion

Camouflage grouper

Epinephelus tauvina

Greasy grouper

Festucalex scalaris

Ladder pipefish

Hippichthys parvicarinatus

Estuary Pipefish

Hypseleotris aurea

Golden gudgeon

Lissocampus fatiloquus

Prophet's pipefish

Mogurnda adspersa

Southern purple-spotted gudgeon

Pegasus lancifer

Sculptured seamoth

Pingalla gilberti

Gilbert's grunter

Squalus acanthias

White-spotted spurdog

Toxotes oligolepis

Big-scale archerfish

   

Data Deficient

Acanthistius paxtoni

Striated wirrah

Assiculoides desmonotus

Kimberley dottyback

Bolbometopon muricatum

Humpheaded parrotfish

Carcharhinus limbatus

Common blacktip shark

Centrophorus granulosus

Gulper shark

Cetorhinus maximus

Basking shark

Cinedotus froggatti

Froggatt's catfish

Congrogadus winterbottomi

Pilbara eelblenny

Coris sandeyeri

Eastern king wrasse

Dalatias licha

Black shark

Dissostichus eleginoides

Patagonian toothfish

Epinephelus ergastularius

Bar cod

Galaxias parvus

Swamp galaxias

Grahamina gymnota

Tasmanian robust triplefin

Hannia greenwayi

Greenway's grunter

Hexanchus griseus

Sixgill shark

Hippocampus abdominalis

Eastern potbelly seahorse

Hippocampus angustus

Western spiny seahorse

Hippocampus bargibanti

Gorgonian seahorse

Hippocampus breviceps

Shorthead seahorse

Hippocampus minotaur

Bullneck seahorse

Hippocampus planifrons

Flatface seahorse

Hippocampus sp 1*

Eastern spiny seahorse

Hippocampus sp 3*

Winged seahorse

Hippocampus sp 4*

Queensland seahorse

Hippocampus sp M1*

Northern spiny seahorse

Hippocampus sp P*

Highcrown seahorse

Hippocampus elongatus

West Australian seahorse

Hippocampus taeniopterus

Common seahorse

Hippocampus tristis

Sad seahorse

Hippocampus tuberculatus

Knobby seahorse

Hippocampus whitei

White’s seahorse

Hippocampus zebra

Zebra seahorse

Hypseleotris n.sp*.

Katherine River gudgeon

Hypselognathus horridus

Prickly pipefish

Megachasma pelagios

Megamouth shark

Milyeringa veritas

Blind gudgeon

Mitotichthys meraculus

Western crested pipefish

Mitotichthys mollissoni

Mollison’s pipefish

Mitotichthys semistriatus

Halfbanded pipefish

Nannatherina balstoni

Balston’s pygmy perch

Notorynchus cepedianus

Sevengill shark

Ogilbyina novaehollandiae

Multicolour dottyback

Ophiclinops hutchinsi

Earspot snakeblenny

Ophisternon candidum

Blind cave eel

Orectolobus maculatus

Spotted wobbegong shark

Orectolobus ornatus

Banded wobbegong shark

Peronedys anguillaris

Eelblenny*

Pristis pectinata

Wide sawfish

Rexea solandri

Gemfish (western stock)

Rhincodon typus

Whale shark

Scortum hillii

Leathery grunter

Scortum parviceps

Small-headed grunter

Silhouettea hoesei

Hoese’s silhouette goby

Solegnathus dunckeri

Duncker’s pipehorse

Solegnathus hardwickii

Pallid pipehorse

Solegnathus lettiensis

Günther’s pipehorse

Solegnathus robustus

Robust pipehorse

Solegnathus spinosissimus

Spiny pipehorse

Sympterichthys verrucosus

Warty handfish*

Syngnathoides biaculeatus

Alligator pipefish

Tandanus n.sp.*

Bellinger River tandan

Thryssa scratchleyi

Freshwater anchovy

Xiphias gladius

Swordfish

Conservation Status of Australian Fishes - 1999

Australian Society for Fish Biology and IUCN in parentheses.

IUCN categories: (CD) Critically Endangered; (E) Endangered; (V) vulnerable;

(LR-N) Lower Risk (Near Threatened); (LR-L) Lower Risk (Least Concern);

(DD) Data Deficient; (NE) Not Evaluated

* Denotes taxa where formal taxonomic description has not been published but where listing is essential because of concern over their conservation status. Early formal publication will be encouraged to resolve their taxonomic status.

CATEGORY

SCIENTIFIC NAME

COMMON NAME

EXTINCT

No species

 
     

ENDANGERED

   

Brachionichthys hirsutus

spotted handfish

(CD)

Chlamydogobius micropterus

Elizabeth Springs goby

(CD)

Galaxias fontanus

Swan galaxias

(CD)

Galaxias fuscus

barred galaxias

(CD)

Galaxias johnstoni

Clarence galaxias

(CD)

Galaxias pedderensis

Pedder galaxias

(CD)

Maccullochella macquariensis

trout cod

(E)

Maccullochella ikei

eastern cod

(E)

Maccullochella peelii mariensis

Mary River cod

(CD)

Melanotaenia eachamensis

Lake Eacham rainbowfish

(V)

Nannoperca oxleyana

Oxleyan pigmy perch

(E)

Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnis

redfinned blue-eye

(CD)

     

VULNERABLE

   

Carcharias taurus

grey nurse shark

(V)

Chlamydogobius squamigenus

Edgbaston goby

(CD)

Galaxias tanycephalus

saddled galaxias

(V)

Macquaria australasica

Macquarie perch

(E)

* Mogurnda n.sp.

Flinders Ranges gudgeon

(V)

Nannoperca variegata

variegated pigmy perch

(V)

Nannatherina balstoni

Balston’s pygmy perch

(DD)

Pseudomugil mellis

honey blue-eye

(E)

* Sympterichthys n.sp.

Ziebell's handfish

(V)

* Sympterichthys n.sp.

Waterfall Bay handfish

(V)

     

POTENTIALLY THREATENED

   

Bidyanus bidyanus

silver perch

(V)

Craterocephalus dalhousiensis

Dalhousie hardyhead

(V)

Craterocephalus fluviatilis

Murray hardyhead

(E)

Craterocephalus gloveri

Glover's hardyhead

(V)

Epinephelus daemelii

black cod

(DD)

Galaxias parvus

swamp galaxias

(DD)

Galaxiella pusilla

dwarf galaxias

(V)

Mordacia praecox

non-parasitic lamprey

(V)

Neosilurus gloveri.

Dalhousie catfish

(V)

Edelia obscura

Yarra pigmy perch

(V)

Pristis microdon

freshwater sawfish

(DD)

Prototroctes maraena

Australian grayling

(V)

INDETERMINATE

   

Ophisternon candidum

blind cave eel

(DD)

Rhincodon typus

whale shark

(NE)

Sympterichthys politus

red handfish

(DD)

     

RESTRICTED

   

Cairnsichthys rhombosomoides

Cairns rainbowfish

(V)

Chlamydogobius japalpa

Finke River goby

(V)

Chlamydogobius gloveri

Dalhousie goby

(V)

Craterocephalus amniculus

Darling River hardyhead

(V)

Craterocephalus centralis

Finke River hardyhead

(LR-N)

Craterocephalus helenae

Drysdale hardyhead

(LR-N)

Galaxias auratus

golden galaxias

(E)

Galaxias rostratus

flat-headed galaxias

(V)

Galaxiella munda

western mud minnow

(LR-N)

Galaxiella nigrostriata

black-striped minnow

(LR-N)

* Glossogobius n.sp.

Mulgrave goby

(LR-N)

Hannia greenwayi

Greenway's grunter

(DD)

Hephaestus epirrhinos

long-nose sooty grunter

(LR-N)

Hypseleotris aurea

golden gudgeon

(LR-L)

Kimberleyeleotris hutchinsi

Mitchell gudgeon

(LR-N)

Kimberleyeleotris notata

Drysdale gudgeon

(LR-N)

Leiopotherapon aheneus

Fortesque grunter

(LR-N)

Leiopotherapon macrolepis

large-scale grunter

(LR-N)

Lepidogalaxias salamandroides

salamanderfish

(LR-N)

Melanotaenia gracilis

slender rainbowfish

(LR-N)

Melanotaenia pygmaea

pygmy rainbowfish

(LR-N)

Milyeringa veritas

blind gudgeon

(DD)

Mogurnda adspersa

southern purple-spotted gudgeon

(LR-L)

* Mogurnda n.sp.

false-spotted gudgeon

(LR-N)

Paragalaxias dissimilis

Shannon paragalaxias

(V)

Paragalaxias eleotroides

Great Lakes paragalaxias

(V)

Paragalaxias mesotes

Arthur's paragalaxias

(V)

* Percichthyidae n.sp.

Bloomfield River cod

(V)

Pingalla midgleyi

Midgley's grunter

(LR-N)

Scleropages leichardti

Saratoga

(LR-N)

Scortum parviceps

small-headed grunter

(DD)

Syncomistes rastellus

Drysdale grunter

(LR-N)

     

UNCERTAIN STATUS

   

Anoxypristis cuspidata

narrow sawfish

(DD)

Ambassis elongatus

yellowfin perchlet

(LR-L)

Carcharodon carcharias

great white shark

(NE)

Cinedotus froggatti

Froggatt's catfish

(DD)

Craterocephalus lentiginosus

Prince Regent hardyhead

(LR-N)

Hypseleotris ejuncida

slender gudgeon

(LR-N)

Hypseleotris kimberleyensis

Barnett River gudgeon

(LR-N)

Hypseleotris regalis

Prince Regent gudgeon

(LR-N)

* Hypseleotris n.sp.

Katherine River gudgeon

(DD)

Pingalla gilberti

Gilbert's grunter

(LR-L)

Pristis clavata

estuarine sawfish

(DD)

Pristis pectinata

wide sawfish

(DD)

Pristis zijsron

green sawfish

(DD)

Scortum hillii

leathery grunter

(DD)

Scortum neili

Angalarri grunter

(LR-N)

Syncomistes kimberleyensis

Kimberley grunter

(LR-N)

* Tandanus n.sp.

Bellinger River tandan

(DD)

Thryssa scratchleyi

freshwater anchovy

(DD)

Toxotes oligolepis

big-scale archerfish

(LR-L)

Species identified by the Committee at its 1989, 1994 and 1998 meetings as requiring investigation of their status were:

Chaetodontoplus ballinae

Ballina angelfish

Thunnus maccoyii

southern bluefin tuna

Pristis microdon

freshwater sawfish

Pristis clavata

estuarine sawfish

Pristis zijsron

green sawfish

* Glyphis sp. A

Bizant river shark

* Glyphis sp. C

northern river shark

* Percichthyidae n.sp.

Bloomfield River cod

Summary Of Conservation Status Classifications, 1989 – 1999

(Australian Society for Fish Biology)

The classifications now list the following number of species:

Classification

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

1990

1989

Extinct

                   

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Endangered

                   

12

12

12

12

12

12

11

11

9

8

6

Vulnerable

                   

10

10

9

9

8

8

6

5

6

6

5

Potentiallythreatened

                   

12

12

12

12

12

12

11

10

7

5

4

Indeterminate

                   

3

3

4

4

4

4

3

2

2

2

2

Restricted

                   

32

32

32

32

28

28

27

30

32

30

31

Uncertain

                   

20

20

20

20

20

20

16

14

13

13

16

Total

                   

89

89

89

89

84

84

74

72

69

64

65

CONSERVATION STATUS CLASSIFICATIONS

AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY FOR FISH BIOLOGY CATEGORIES

EXTINCT Taxa which are no longer found in the wild or in a domesticated state.

ENDANGERED Taxa which have suffered a population decline over all or most of their range, whether the causes of this decline are known or not, and which are in danger of extinction in the near future. (Special management measures required if the taxa are to continue to survive).

VULNERABLE Taxa not presently endangered but which are at risk by having small populations and/or populations which are declining at a rate that would render them endangered in the near future. (Special management measures required to prevent the taxa becoming endangered or extinct.)

POTENTIALLY THREATENED Taxa which could become vulnerable or endangered in the near future because they have a relatively large population in a restricted area; or they have small populations in a few areas; or they have been heavily depleted and are continuing to decline; or they are dependant on specific habitat for survival. (Require monitoring.)

INDETERMINATE Taxa which are likely to fall into the Endangered, Vulnerable or Potentially Threatened category but for which insufficient data are available to make an assessment. (Require investigation.)

RESTRICTED Taxa which are not presently in danger but which occur in restricted areas, or which have suffered a long term reduction in distribution and/or abundance and are now uncommon.

UNCERTAIN STATUS Taxa whose taxonomy, distribution and/or abundance are uncertain but which are suspected of being Restricted.

IUCN Red List Categories

EXTINCT A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died

EXTINCT IN THE WILD A taxon is Extinct In The Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population (or populations) well outside the past range.

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED A taxon is Critically Endangered when it is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the immediate future.

ENDANGERED A taxon is Endangered when it is not Critically Endangered but is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild in the near future.

VULNERABLE A taxon is Vulnerable when it is not Critically Endangered or Endangered but is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future.

LOWER RISK A taxon is Lower Risk when it has been evaluated. does not satisfy the criteria for any of the categories Critically Endangered; Endangered; or Vulnerable. There are three sub-categories:

1) Conservation Dependent Taxa which are the focus of a continuing taxon-specific or habitat-specific conservation programme targeted towards the taxon in question, the cessation of which would result in the taxon qualifying for one of the threatened categories above within a period of five years.

2) Near Threatened Taxa which do not qualify for Conservation Dependent, but which are close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

3) Least Concern Taxa which do not qualify for Conservation Dependent or Near Threatened.

DATA DEFICIENT A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct or indirect assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and / or population status.

NOT EVALUATED A taxon is Not Evaluated when it has not yet been assessed against the criteria.

Note: For full definitions and details of the criteria used for each of the above categories, the reader should consult the IUCN Red List Categories, prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission (1994). Details are available from state members of the Threatened Fishes Committee.

Conservation Status of Australian Fishes - 2016

Conservation Status of Australian Fishes – 2016

IUCN conservation categories and criteria are used
* denotes taxa where formal taxonomic description has not been published but where listing is essential because of concern over their conservation status. Early formal publication will be encouraged to resolve their taxonomic status.

Preferred citation: Lintermans, M. (2016). Conservation Status of Australian Fishes – 2016. Australian
Society for Fish Biology Newsletter 46(2): 142-144.

Extinct in the wild

Galaxias pedderensis                                                Pedder galaxias

Critically Endangered

Brachionichthys hirsutus

Spotted handfish

Carcharias taurus (east coast population)

Grey nurse shark

Chlamydogobius micropterus

Elizabeth Springs goby

Chlamydogobius squamigenus

Edgbaston goby

Craterocephalus fluviatilis

Murray hardyhead

Galaxias fontanus

Swan galaxias

Galaxias fuscus

Barred galaxias

Galaxias truttaceus hesperius

Western trout minnow

Galaxias longifundus

West Gippsland galaxias

Galaxias lanceolatus

Tapered galaxias

Galaxias mungadhan

Dargo galaxias

Galaxias aequipinnis

East Gippsland galaxias

Galaxias supremus

Kosciuszko galaxias

Galaxias mcdowalli

McDowall's galaxias

Galaxias gunaikurnai

Shaw galaxias

Galaxias brevissimus

Short-tail galaxias

Galaxias sp. Tantangara

Stocky galaxias

Glyphis glyphis

Bizant River shark

Maccullochella macquariensis

Trout cod

Maccullochella mariensis

Mary River cod

Melanotaenia sp.

Running River rainbowfish

Melanotaenia sp.

Malanda rainbowfish

Nannoperca pygmaea

Little pygmy perch

Pristis pristis

Freshwater sawfish

Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnis

Redfinned blue-eye

Stiphodon semoni

Opal cling goby

Endangered

Centrophorus harrissoni

Harrisson's deepsea dogfish

Galaxias auratus

Golden galaxias

Galaxias johnstoni

Clarence galaxias

Galaxias parvus

Swamp galaxias

Galaxiella nigrostriata

Black-striped minnow

Glyphis garricki

Northern river shark

Lepidogalaxias salamandroides

Salamanderfish

Maccullochella ikei

Eastern cod

Macquaria australasica

Macquarie perch

Melanotaenia eachamensis

Lake Eacham rainbowfish

Nannoperca oxleyana

Oxleyan pygmy perch

Paragalaxias dissimilis

Shannon paragalaxias

Paragalaxias eleotroides

Great Lake paragalaxias

Paragalaxias mesotes

Arthurs paragalaxias

Pristis clavata

Dwarf sawfish

Pristis zijsron

Green sawfish 

Pseudomugil mellis

Honey blue-eye

Zearaja maugeana

Maugean skate

 

Vulnerable

Anoxypristis cuspidata

Narrow sawfish

Bidyanus bidyanus

Silver perch

Brachaelurus colcloughi

Colclough’s shark

Brachionichthys politus

Red handfish

Brachiopsilus ziebelli

Ziebell's handfish

Cairnsichthys rhombosomoides

Cairns rainbowfish

Carcharodon carcharias

Great white shark

Carcharias taurus (west coast population)

Grey nurse shark

Centrophorus zeehaani

Southern dogfish

Chlamydogobius japalpa

Finke River goby

Chlamydogobius gloveri

Dalhousie goby

Craterocephalus amniculus

Darling River hardyhead

Craterocephalus dalhousiensis

Dalhousie hardyhead

Craterocephalus gloveri

Glover's hardyhead

Epinephelus daemelii

Black rockcod

Galaxias rostratus

Flat-headed galaxias

Galaxias tanycephalus

Saddled galaxias

Galaxiella pusilla

Dwarf galaxias

Guyu wujalwujalensis

Bloomfield River cod

Himantura dalyensis

Freshwater whipray

Maccullochella peelii

Murray cod

Melanotaenia utcheensis

Utchee rainbowfish

Milyeringa veritas

Blind gudgeon

Mogurnda clivicola

Flinders Ranges gudgeon

Mordacia praecox

Non-parasitic lamprey

Nannoperca obscura

Yarra pygmy perch

Nannoperca variegata

Variegated pygmy perch

Nannatherina balstoni

Balston’s pygmy perch

Neoceratodus forsteri

Australian lungfish

Neosilurus gloveri

Dalhousie catfish

 Ophisternon candidum Blind cave eel
Prototroctes maraena Australian grayling
Rexea solandri (eastern stock only) Gemfish
Rhincodon typus Whale shark